Download History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences PDF

History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences

Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105132685939
Pages : pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 2007 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download The Past, Present, and Future of Integrated History and Philosophy of Science PDF

The Past, Present, and Future of Integrated History and Philosophy of Science

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781351214810
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (214 downloads)

Download The Past, Present, and Future of Integrated History and Philosophy of Science PDF Format Full Free by Emily Herring and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-05-14 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Integrated History and Philosophy of Science (iHPS) is commonly understood as the study of science from a combined historical and philosophical perspective. Yet, since its gradual formation as a research field, the question of how to suitably integrate both perspectives remains open. This volume presents cutting edge research from junior iHPS scholars, and in doing so provides a snapshot of current developments within the field, explores the connection between iHPS and other academic disciplines, and demonstrates some of the topics that are attracting the attention of scholars who will help define the future of iHPS.

Download Vitalism and the Scientific Image in Post-Enlightenment Life Science, 1800-2010 PDF

Vitalism and the Scientific Image in Post-Enlightenment Life Science, 1800-2010

Author :
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9789400724457
Pages : 377 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (724 downloads)

Download Vitalism and the Scientific Image in Post-Enlightenment Life Science, 1800-2010 PDF Format Full Free by Sebastian Normandin and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-06-15 with total page 377 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Vitalism is understood as impacting the history of the life sciences, medicine and philosophy, representing an epistemological challenge to the dominance of mechanism over the last 200 years, and partly revived with organicism in early theoretical biology. The contributions in this volume portray the history of vitalism from the end of the Enlightenment to the modern day, suggesting some reassessment of what it means both historically and conceptually. As such it includes a wide range of material, employing both historical and philosophical methodologies, and it is divided fairly evenly between 19th and 20th century historical treatments and more contemporary analysis. This volume presents a significant contribution to the current literature in the history and philosophy of science and the history of medicine.

Download History of Science and Philosophy of Science PDF

History of Science and Philosophy of Science

Author :
Publisher : Pearson Education India
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 8131719308
Pages : 780 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (131 downloads)

Download History of Science and Philosophy of Science PDF Format Full Free by Pradip Kumar Sengupta and published by Pearson Education India. This book was released on 2010 with total page 780 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences PDF

History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences

Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105132652442
Pages : pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 2008 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Reproduction, Race, and Gender in Philosophy and the Early Life Sciences PDF

Reproduction, Race, and Gender in Philosophy and the Early Life Sciences

Author :
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781438449494
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (449 downloads)

Download Reproduction, Race, and Gender in Philosophy and the Early Life Sciences PDF Format Full Free by Susanne Lettow and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 2014-03-01 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Investigates the impact of theories of reproduction and heredity on the emerging concepts of race and gender at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth centuries. Focusing on the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, this volume highlights the scientific and philosophical inquiry into heredity and reproduction and the consequences of these developing ideas on understandings of race and gender. Neither the life sciences nor philosophy had fixed disciplinary boundaries at this point in history. Kant, Hegel, and Schelling weighed in on these questions alongside scientists such as Caspar Friedrich Wolff, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, and Karl Ernst von Baer. The essays in this volume chart the development of modern gender polarizations and a naturalized, scientific understanding of gender and race that absorbed and legitimized cultural assumptions about difference and hierarchy.

Download Life and Evolution PDF

Life and Evolution

Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030395896
Pages : 237 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (395 downloads)

Download Life and Evolution PDF Format Full Free by Lorenzo Baravalle and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-04-10 with total page 237 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers to the international reader a collection of original articles of some of the most skillful historians and philosophers of biology currently working in Latin American universities. During the last decades, increasing attention has been paid in Latin America to the history and philosophy of biology, but since many local authors prefer to write in Spanish or in Portuguese, their ideas have barely crossed the boundaries of the continent. This volume aims to remedy this state of things, providing a good sample of this production to the English speaking readers, bringing together contributions from researchers working in Brazilian, Argentinean, Chilean, Colombian and Mexican universities. The stress on the regional provenance of the authors is not intended to suggest the existence of something like a Latin American history and philosophy of biology, supposedly endowed with distinctive features. On the contrary, the editors firmly believe that advances in this field can be achieved only by stimulating the integration in the international debate. Based on this assumption, the book focuses on two topics, life and evolution, and presents a selection of contributions addressing issues such as the history of the concept of life, the philosophical reflection on life manipulation and life extension, the structure and development of evolutionary theory as well as human evolution. Life and Evolution – Latin American Essays on the History and Philosophy of Biology will provide the international reader with a rather complete picture of the ongoing research in the history and philosophy of biology in Latin America, offering a snapshot of this dynamic community. It will also contribute to contextualize and develop the debate concerning life and evolution, and the relation between the two phenomena.

Download The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy PDF

The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780199987313
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (987 downloads)

Download The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy PDF Format Full Free by Ohad Nachtomy and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2014 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume explores the intersection between early modern philosophy and the life sciences by presenting the contributions of important but often neglected figures such as Cudworth, Grew, Glisson, Hieronymus Fabricius, Stahl, Gallego, Hartsoeker, and More, as well as familiar figures such as Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Malebranche, and Kant.

Download International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching PDF

International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9789400776548
Pages : 2532 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (776 downloads)

Download International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching PDF Format Full Free by Michael R. Matthews and published by Springer. This book was released on 2014-07-03 with total page 2532 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This inaugural handbook documents the distinctive research field that utilizes history and philosophy in investigation of theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in the teaching of science and mathematics. It is contributed to by 130 researchers from 30 countries; it provides a logically structured, fully referenced guide to the ways in which science and mathematics education is, informed by the history and philosophy of these disciplines, as well as by the philosophy of education more generally. The first handbook to cover the field, it lays down a much-needed marker of progress to date and provides a platform for informed and coherent future analysis and research of the subject. The publication comes at a time of heightened worldwide concern over the standard of science and mathematics education, attended by fierce debate over how best to reform curricula and enliven student engagement in the subjects. There is a growing recognition among educators and policy makers that the learning of science must dovetail with learning about science; this handbook is uniquely positioned as a locus for the discussion. The handbook features sections on pedagogical, theoretical, national, and biographical research, setting the literature of each tradition in its historical context. It reminds readers at a crucial juncture that there has been a long and rich tradition of historical and philosophical engagements with science and mathematics teaching, and that lessons can be learnt from these engagements for the resolution of current theoretical, curricular and pedagogical questions that face teachers and administrators. Science educators will be grateful for this unique, encyclopaedic handbook, Gerald Holton, Physics Department, Harvard University This handbook gathers the fruits of over thirty years’ research by a growing international and cosmopolitan community Fabio Bevilacqua, Physics Department, University of Pavia

Download HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY -Volume I PDF

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY -Volume I

Author :
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781848263239
Pages : 402 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (263 downloads)

Download HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY -Volume I PDF Format Full Free by Pablo Lorenzano and published by EOLSS Publications. This book was released on 2010-09-27 with total page 402 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: History and Philosophy of Science and Technology is a component of Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on History and Philosophy of Science and Technology in four volumes covers several topics such as: Introduction to the Philosophy of Science; The Nature and Structure of Scientific Theories Natural Science; A Short History of Molecular Biology; The Structure of the Darwinian Argument In The Origin of Species; History of Measurement Theory; Episodes of XX Century Cosmology: A Historical Approach; Philosophy of Economics; Social Sciences: Historical And Philosophical Overview of Methods And Goals; Introduction to Ethics of Science and Technology; The Ethics of Science and Technology; The Control of Nature and the Origins of The Dichotomy Between Fact And Value; Science and Empires: The Geo-Epistemic Location of Knowledge; Science and Religion; Scientific Knowledge and Religious Knowledge - Significant Epistemological Reference Points; Thing Called Philosophy of Technology; Transitions from Function-Oriented To Effect-Oriented Technologies. Some Thought on the Nature of Modern Technology; Technical Agency and Sources of Technological Pessimism These four volumes are aimed at a broad spectrum of audiences: University and College Students, Educators and Research Personnel.

Download The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science PDF

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780190630706
Pages : 960 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (63 downloads)

Download The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science PDF Format Full Free by Paul Humphreys and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2016-08-04 with total page 960 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This handbook provides both an overview of state-of-the-art scholarship in philosophy of science, as well as a guide to new directions in the discipline. Section I contains broad overviews of the main lines of research and the state of established knowledge in six principal areas of the discipline, including computational, physical, biological, psychological and social sciences, as well as general philosophy of science. Section II covers what are considered to be the traditional topics in the philosophy of science, such as causation, probability, models, ethics and values, and explanation. Section III identifies new areas of investigation that show promise of becoming important areas of research, including the philosophy of astronomy and astrophysics, data, complexity theory, neuroscience, simulations, post-Kuhnian philosophy, post-empiricist epistemology, and emergence. Most chapters are accessible to scientifically educated non-philosophers as well as to professional philosophers, and the contributors - all leading researchers in their field -- bring diverse perspectives from the North American, European, and Australasian research communities. This volume is an essential resource for scholars and students.

Download Philosophy of Biology Before Biology PDF

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317227557
Pages : 220 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (227 downloads)

Download Philosophy of Biology Before Biology PDF Format Full Free by Cécilia Bognon-Küss and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-02-11 with total page 220 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The use of the term "biology" to refer to a unified science of life emerged around 1800 (most prominently by scientists such as Lamarck and Treviranus, although scholarship has indicated its usage at least 30-40 years earlier). The interplay between philosophy and natural science has also accompanied the constitution of biology as a science. Philosophy of Biology Before Biology examines biological and protobiological writings from the mid-eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century (from Buffon to Cuvier; Kant to Oken; and Kielmeyer) with two major sets of questions in mind: What were the distinctive conceptual features of the move toward biology as a science? What were the relations and differences between the "philosophical" focus on the nature of living entities, and the "scientific" focus? This insightful volume produces a fresh but also systematic perspective both on the history of biology as a science and on the early versions of, in the 1960s in a post-positivist context, the philosophy of biology. It will appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as history of science, philosophy of science and biology.

Download Organisms and Personal Identity PDF

Organisms and Personal Identity

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317245704
Pages : 250 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (245 downloads)

Download Organisms and Personal Identity PDF Format Full Free by A.M. Ferner and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-04-14 with total page 250 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Over his philosophical career, David Wiggins has produced a body of work that, though varied and wide-ranging, stands as a coherent and carefully integrated whole. In this book Ferner examines Wiggins’ conceptualist-realism, his sortal theory ‘D’ and his human being theory in order to assess how far these elements of his systematic metaphysics connect. In addition to rectifying misinterpretations and analysing the relations between Wiggins’ works, Ferner reveals the importance of the philosophy of biology to Wiggins’ approach. This book elucidates the biological anti-reductionism present in Wiggins’ work and highlights how this stance stands as a productive alternative to emergentism. With an analysis of Wiggins’ construal of substances, specifically organisms, the book goes on to discuss how Wiggins brings together the concept of a person with the concept of a natural substance, or human being. An extensive introduction to the work of David Wiggins, as well as a contribution to the dialogue between personal identity theorists and philosophers of biology, this book will appeal to students and scholars working in the areas of philosophy, biology and the history of Anglophone metaphysics.

Download Conjunctions of Mind, Soul and Body from Plato to the Enlightenment PDF

Conjunctions of Mind, Soul and Body from Plato to the Enlightenment

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9789401790727
Pages : 421 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (79 downloads)

Download Conjunctions of Mind, Soul and Body from Plato to the Enlightenment PDF Format Full Free by Danijela Kambaskovic and published by Springer. This book was released on 2014-09-25 with total page 421 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the nexus between the corporeal, emotional, spiritual and intellectual aspects of human life as represented in the writing of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Authors from different fields examine not only the question of the body and soul (or body and mind) but also how this question fits into a broader framework in the medieval and early modern period. Concepts such as gender and society, morality, sexuality, theological precepts and medical knowledge are a part of this broader framework. This discussion of ideas draws from over two thousand years of Western thought: from Plato in the fifth century BC and the fourth century Byzantine dialogues on the soul, to the philosophical and medical writings of the early 1700s. There are four sections to this book: each section is based on where the authors have found a conjunction between the body and mind/soul. The work begins with a section on text and self-perception, which focuses on creative output from the period. The second conjunction is human emotions which are described in their social contexts. The third is sex, where the human body and mind are traditionally believed to meet. The fourth section, Material Souls, engages with bodies and other material aspects of existence perceived, studied or utilised as material signs of emotional and spiritual activity.

Download Biological Individuality PDF

Biological Individuality

Author :
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780226446455
Pages : 367 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (446 downloads)

Download Biological Individuality PDF Format Full Free by Scott Lidgard and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2017-05-24 with total page 367 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Introduction: working together on individuality / Lynn K. Nyhart and Scott Lidgard -- The work of biological individuality: concepts and contexts / Scott Lidgard and Lynn K. Nyhart -- Cells, colonies, and clones: individuality in the volvocine algae / Matthew D. Herron -- Individuality and the control of life cycles / Beckett Sterner -- Discovering the ties that bind: cell-cell communication and the development of cell sociology / Andrew S. Reynolds -- Alternation of generations and individuality, 1851 / Lynn K. Nyhart and Scott Lidgard -- Spencer's evolutionary entanglement: from liminal individuals to implicit collectivities / Snait Gissis -- Biological individuality and enkapsis: from Martin Heidenhain's synthesiology to the völkisch national community / Olivier Rieppel -- Parasitology, zoology, and society in France, ca. 1880-1920 / Michael A. Osborne -- Metabolism, autonomy, and individuality / Hannah Landecker -- Bodily parts in the structure-function dialectic / Ingo Brigandt -- Commentaries: historical, biological, and philosophical perspectives -- Distrust that particular intuition: resilient essentialisms and empirical challenges in the history of biological individuality / James Elwick -- Biological individuality: a relational reading / Scott F. Gilbert -- Philosophical dimensions of individuality / Alan C. Love and Ingo Brigandt

Download Zionism and the Biology of Jews PDF

Zionism and the Biology of Jews

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319573458
Pages : 234 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (573 downloads)

Download Zionism and the Biology of Jews PDF Format Full Free by Raphael Falk and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-07-18 with total page 234 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers a unique perspective on Zionism. The author, a geneticist by training, focuses on science, rather than history. He looks at the claims that Jews constitute a people with common biological roots. An argument that helps provide justification for the aspirations of this political movement dedicated to the return of the Jewish people to their homeland. His study explores two issues. The first considers the assertion that there is a biology of the Jews. The second deals with attempts to integrate this idea into a consistent history. Both issues unfolded against the background of a romantic national culture of Western Europe in the 19th century: Jews, primarily from Eastern Europe, began to believe these notions and soon they took the lead in the re-formulation of Jewish and Zionist existence. The author does not intend to present a comprehensive picture of the biological literature of the origins of a people and the blood relations between them. He also recognizes that the subject is emotionally-loaded. The book does, however, present a profound mediation on three overlapping questions: What is special or unique to the Jews? Who were the genuine Jews? And how can one identify Jews? This volume is a revised and edited English version of Tzionut Vehabiologia shel Hayehudim, published in 2006.

Download Vital Forces, Teleology and Organization PDF

Vital Forces, Teleology and Organization

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319654157
Pages : 137 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (654 downloads)

Download Vital Forces, Teleology and Organization PDF Format Full Free by Andrea Gambarotto and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-10-03 with total page 137 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers a comprehensive account of vitalism and the Romantic philosophy of nature. The author explores the rise of biology as a unified science in Germany by reconstructing the history of the notion of “vital force,” starting from the mid-eighteenth through the early nineteenth century. Further, he argues that Romantic Naturphilosophie played a crucial role in the rise of biology in Germany, especially thanks to its treatment of teleology. In fact, both post-Kantian philosophers and naturalists were guided by teleological principles in defining the object of biological research. The book begins by considering the problem of generation, focusing on the debate over the notion of “formative force.” Readers are invited to engage with the epistemological status of this formative force, i.e. the question of the principle behind organization. The second chapter provides a reconstruction of the physiology of vital forces as it was elaborated in the mid- to late-eighteenth century by the group of physicians and naturalists known as the “Göttingen School.” Readers are shown how these authors developed an understanding of the animal kingdom as a graded series of organisms with increasing functional complexity. Chapter three tracks the development of such framework in Romantic Naturphilosophie. The author introduces the reader to the problem of classification, showing how Romantic philosophers of nature regarded classification as articulated by a unified plan that connects all living forms with one another, relying on the idea of living nature as a universal organism. In the closing chapter, this analysis shows how the three instances of pre-biological discourse on living beings – theory of generation, physiology and natural history – converged to form the consolidated disciplinary matrix of a general biology. The book offers an insightful read for all scholars interested in classical German philosophy, especially those researching the philosophy of nature, as well as the history and philosophy of biology.