Download Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification PDF

Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification

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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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ISBN 10 : 9780191514029
Pages : 474 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (514 downloads)

Download Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification PDF Format Full Free by Nikolaus P. Himmelmann and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2006-09-28 with total page 474 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Depictive secondary predicates, such as 'raw' in 'George ate the fish raw', are central to current issues in syntactic and semantic theory - in particular predication theory, phrase structure theories, issues of control and grammatical relations, and verbal aspect. This is the first book to approach depictive secondary predication from a cross-linguistic perspective. It describes all the relevant phenomena and brings together critical surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic properties. It considers similarities and differences between secondary predicates and other types of adjuncts, including adverbials of manner, comparison, quantity, and location. The authors are leading scholars with a first-hand knowledge of the languages they discuss. Their approach is theory-neutral and pragmatic: they draw on insights and research traditions ranging from the minimalist program to semantic maps methodology. The book will interest scholars working on the semantics or syntax of secondary predicates, adverbials, and the role of agreement and other morphological marking. It has been designed for use in advanced syntax and typology classes.

Download Semantics - Lexical Structures and Adjectives PDF

Semantics - Lexical Structures and Adjectives

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN 10 : 9783110626391
Pages : 577 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (626 downloads)

Download Semantics - Lexical Structures and Adjectives PDF Format Full Free by Claudia Maienborn and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2019-02-19 with total page 577 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Discover vital research on the lexical and cognitive meanings of words. In this exciting book from a team of world-class researchers, in-depth articles explain a wide range of topics, including thematic roles, sense relation, ambiguity and comparison. The authors focus on the cognitive and conceptual structure of words and their meaning extensions such as coercion, metaphors and metonymies. The book features highly cited material – available in paperback for the first time since its publication – and is an essential starting point for anyone interested in lexical semantics, especially where it meets other cognitive and conceptual research.

Download Semantics PDF

Semantics

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
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ISBN 10 : 9783110255072
Pages : 1078 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (255 downloads)

Download Semantics PDF Format Full Free by Klaus von Heusinger and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2012-01-01 with total page 1078 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This handbook comprises, in three volumes, an in-depth presentation of the state of the art in linguistic semantics from a wide variety of perspectives. It contains 112 articles written by leading scholars from around the world. These articles present detailed, yet accessible, introductions to key issues, including the analysis of specific semantic categories and constructions, the history of semantic research, theories and theoretical frameworks, methodology, and relationships with related fields; moreover, they give expert guidance on topics of debate within the field, on the strengths and weaknesses of existing theories, and on the likely directions for the future development of semantic research. In many cases, the articles written for this handbook promise to become the standard references on the topics they cover. This work will provide an essential reference for both advanced students and researchers in semantics and related fields within linguistics, psychology, philosophy, and other areas.

Download Advances in Research on Semantic Roles PDF

Advances in Research on Semantic Roles

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN 10 : 9789027266798
Pages : 219 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (266 downloads)

Download Advances in Research on Semantic Roles PDF Format Full Free by Seppo Kittilä and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2016-06-29 with total page 219 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Especially in functional-typological linguistics, semantic roles have been studied thoroughly, because they constitute a good starting point for any study on argument marking due to their semantically defined nature. However, the very concept of semantic roles is far from being without problems, and there is still no consensus on how the roles are best defined. In this volume, the notion will be discussed from novel perspectives with the aim of providing new insights into our understanding of semantic roles. Two of the papers deal with semantic role clusters, one with semantic roles in verbless constructions, one with diachrony of semantic roles and two with individual semantic roles that have not been studied in too much detail in previous studies. The book may not offer answers to all questions the readers may have, but at least it raises interesting further questions relevant to arriving at a better understanding of semantic roles. Originally published in Studies in Language Vol. 38:3 (2014).

Download Adverbs PDF

Adverbs

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN 10 : 9789027268129
Pages : 275 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (268 downloads)

Download Adverbs PDF Format Full Free by Karin Pittner and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2015-09-15 with total page 275 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Adverbs as a word class are notoriously difficult to define. The volume deals with the delimitation of this category, its internal structure, the morphological make-up of adverbs and their positions in syntactic structures. A closer look at diachronic developments sheds light on the characteristics of adverbial word-formation. Taking into account adverbs in German, English, Dutch, French and Italian, the contributions to this volume provide new insights into the characteristics of this heterogeneous and multi-faceted category and will be of interest to linguists working in the fields of morphology, syntax and language change.

Download Grammar – Discourse – Context PDF

Grammar – Discourse – Context

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN 10 : 9783110682564
Pages : 383 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (682 downloads)

Download Grammar – Discourse – Context PDF Format Full Free by Kristin Bech and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2019-12-20 with total page 383 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This collected volume brings together a wide array of international linguists working on diachronic language change with a specific focus on the history of English, who work within usage-based frameworks and investigate processes of grammatical change in context. Although usage-based linguistics emphasizes the centrality of the discourse context for language usage and cognition, this insight has not been fully integrated into the investigation of processes of grammatical variation and change. The structuralist heritage as well as corpus linguistic methodologies have favoured de-contextualized analytical perspectives on contemporary and historical language data and on the mechanisms and processes guiding grammatical variation and change. From a range of different perspectives, the contributions to this volume take up the challenge of contextualization in the investigation of grammatical variation and change in different stages of English language history and discuss central theoretical notions such as gradable grammaticality, motivation in hypervariation, and hypercharacterization. The book will be relevant to students and linguists working in the field of diachronic and variational linguistics and English language history.

Download The Oxford Handbook of Event Structure PDF

The Oxford Handbook of Event Structure

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780191508462
Pages : 640 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (58 downloads)

Download The Oxford Handbook of Event Structure PDF Format Full Free by Robert Truswell and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2019-03-26 with total page 640 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This handbook deals with research into the nature of events, and how we use language to describe events. The study of event structure over the past 60 years has been one of the most successful areas of lexical semantics, uniting insights from morphology and syntax, lexical and compositional semantics, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence to develop insightful theories of events and event descriptions. This volume provides accessible introductions to major topics and ongoing debates in event structure research, exploring what events are, how we perceive them, how we reason with them, and the role they play in the organization of grammar and discourse. The chapters are divided into four parts: the first covers metaphysical issues related to events; the second is concerned with the relationship between event structure and grammar; the third is a series of crosslinguistic case studies; and the fourth deals with links to cognitive science and artificial intelligence more broadly. The book is strongly interdisciplinary in nature, with insights from linguistics, philosophy, psychology, cognitive science, and computer science, and will appeal to a wide range of researchers and students from advanced undergraduate level upwards.

Download Predicates and Their Subjects PDF

Predicates and Their Subjects

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401006903
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (6 downloads)

Download Predicates and Their Subjects PDF Format Full Free by Susan Rothstein and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Predicates and their Subjects is an in-depth study of the syntax-semantics interface focusing on the structure of the subject-predicate relation. Starting from where the author's 1983 dissertation left off, the book argues that there is syntactic constraint that clauses (small and tensed) are constructed out of a one-place unsaturated expression, the predicate, which must be applied to a syntactic argument, its subject. The author shows that this predication relation cannot be reduced to a thematic relation or a projection of argument structure, but must be a purely syntactic constraint. Chapters in the book show how the syntactic predication relation is semantically interpreted, and how the predication relation explains constraints on DP-raising and on the distribution of pleonastics in English. The second half of the book extends the theory of predication to cover copular constructions; it includes an account of the structure of small clauses in Hebrew, of the use of `be' in predicative and identity sentences in English, and concludes with a study of the meaning of the verb `be'.

Download Language Change at the Syntax-Semantics Interface PDF

Language Change at the Syntax-Semantics Interface

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN 10 : 9783110394924
Pages : 366 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (394 downloads)

Download Language Change at the Syntax-Semantics Interface PDF Format Full Free by Chiara Gianollo and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2014-12-12 with total page 366 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Bringing together diachronic research from a variety of perspectives, notably typology, formal syntax and semantics, this volume focuses on the interplay of syntactic and semantic factors in language change - an issue so far largely neglected both in (mostly lexical) historical semantics as well as historical syntax, but recently brought into focus by grammaticalization theory as well as Minimalist diachronic syntax. The contributions draw on data from numerous Indo-European languages including Vedic Sanskrit, Middle Indic, Greek as well as English and German, and discuss a range of phenomena such as change in negation markers, indefinite articles, quantifiers, modal verbs, argument structure among others. The papers analyze diachronic evidence in the light of contemporary syntactic and semantic theory, addressing the crucial question of how syntactic and semantic change are linked, and whether both are governed by similar constraints, principles and systematic mechanisms. The volume will appeal to scholars in historical linguistics and formal theories of syntax and semantics.

Download Cyberformalism PDF

Cyberformalism

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Publisher : JHU Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781421425511
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (425 downloads)

Download Cyberformalism PDF Format Full Free by Daniel Shore and published by JHU Press. This book was released on 2018-06-15 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Touching on canonical works by Shakespeare, Milton, Wordsworth, and Kant, even as it takes the full diversity of digitized texts as its purview, Cyberformalism asks scholars of literature, history, and culture to revise nothing less than their understanding of the linguistic sign.

Download Motivation in Grammar and the Lexicon PDF

Motivation in Grammar and the Lexicon

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9789027223814
Pages : 306 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (223 downloads)

Download Motivation in Grammar and the Lexicon PDF Format Full Free by Klaus-Uwe Panther and published by John Benjamins Publishing. This book was released on 2011 with total page 306 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Language structure and use are largely shaped by cognitive processes such as categorizing, framing, inferencing, associative (metonymic), and analogical (metaphorical) thinking, and mediated through cognition by bodily experience, emotion, perception, action, social/communicative interaction, culture, and the internal ecology of the linguistic system itself. The contributors to the present volume demonstrate how these language-independent factors motivate grammar and the lexicon in a variety of languages such as English, German, French, Italian, Hungarian, Russian, Croatian, Japanese, and Korean. The volume will be of great interest to students and scholars in cognitive and functional linguistics."

Download Uralic Essive and the Expression of Impermanent State PDF

Uralic Essive and the Expression of Impermanent State

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN 10 : 9789027265296
Pages : 577 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (265 downloads)

Download Uralic Essive and the Expression of Impermanent State PDF Format Full Free by Casper de Groot and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2017-11-15 with total page 577 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is the first book length study into the essive, a relatively unknown case marker like English ‘as (a child)’. It focuses on the distribution of the essive in contemporary Uralic languages with special attention to the opposition between permanent and impermanent state. The volume presents large sets of new data and insights into the use of the essive in nineteen Uralic languages on the basis of a typological linguistic questionnaire. The typological variation is discussed within the linguistic domains of non-verbal main predication, secondary predication, complementation, and manner, temporal, and circumstantial adverbial phrases. The descriptions and analyses are presented in such a way that they are accessible to linguists in general, descriptive and theoretical linguists, and specialists in Uralic and/or linguistic typology. The data and approach offer many starting points for further investigations within but also outside the Uralic language family.

Download The Blackwell Companion to Syntax PDF

The Blackwell Companion to Syntax

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 10 : 9781405178419
Pages : 3285 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (178 downloads)

Download The Blackwell Companion to Syntax PDF Format Full Free by Martin Everaert and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2008-04-15 with total page 3285 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: *** Pre-Order The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Syntax, second edition, publishing December 2017. Find out more at www.companiontosyntax.com *** This long-awaited reference work marks the culmination of numerous years of research and international collaboration by the world’s leading syntacticians. There exists no other comparable collection of research that documents the development of syntax in this way. Under the editorial direction of Martin Everaert and Henk van Riemsdijk, this 5 volume set comprises 70 case studies commissioned specifically for this volume. The 80 contributors are drawn from an international group of prestigious linguists, including Joe Emonds, Sandra Chung, Susan Rothstein, Adriana Belletti, Jim Huang, Howard Lasnik, and Marcel den Dikken, among many others. A unique collection of 70 newly-commissioned case studies, offering access to research completed over the last 40 years. Brings together the world’s leading syntacticians to provide a large and diverse number of case studies in the field. Explores a comprehensive range of syntax topics from an historical perspective. Investigates empirical domains which have been well-documented and which have played a prominent role in theoretical syntax at some stage in the development of generative grammar. Serves as a research tool for not only theoretical linguistics but also the various forms of applied linguistics. Contains an accessible alphabetical structure, with an index integral to each volume featuring keywords and key figures. Each multi-volume set is also accompanied by a CD Rom of the entire Companion. Like the prestigious Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics series, this multi-volume work, in the new The Wiley Blackwell Companions to Linguistics series, can be relied upon to deliver the quality and expertise with which Blackwell Publishing’s linguistics list is associated.

Download Catching Language PDF

Catching Language

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
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ISBN 10 : 9783110197693
Pages : 670 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (197 downloads)

Download Catching Language PDF Format Full Free by Felix K. Ameka and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2006-01-01 with total page 670 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Descriptive grammars are our main vehicle for documenting and analysing the linguistic structure of the world's 6,000 languages. They bring together, in one place, a coherent treatment of how the whole language works, and therefore form the primary source of information on a given language, consulted by a wide range of users: areal specialists, typologists, theoreticians of any part of language (syntax, morphology, phonology, historical linguistics etc.), and members of the speech communities concerned. The writing of a descriptive grammar is a major intellectual challenge, that calls on the grammarian to balance a respect for the language's distinctive genius with an awareness of how other languages work, to combine rigour with readability, to depict structural regularities while respecting a corpus of real material, and to represent something of the native speaker's competence while recognising the variation inherent in any speech community. Despite a recent surge of awareness of the need to document little-known languages, there is no book that focusses on the manifold issues that face the author of a descriptive grammar. This volume brings together contributors who approach the problem from a range of angles. Most have written descriptive grammars themselves, but others represent different types of reader. Among the topics they address are: overall issues of grammar design, the complementary roles of outsider and native speaker grammarians, the balance between grammar and lexicon, cross-linguistic comparability, the role of explanation in grammatical description, the interplay of theory and a range of fieldwork methods in language description, the challenges of describing languages in their cultural and historical context, and the tensions between linguistic particularity, established practice of particular schools of linguistic description and the need for a universally commensurable analytic framework. This book will renew the field of grammaticography, addressing a multiple readership of descriptive linguists, typologists, and formal linguists, by bringing together a range of distinguished practitioners from around the world to address these questions.

Download Die slavischen Sprachen / The Slavic Languages. Halbband 1 PDF

Die slavischen Sprachen / The Slavic Languages. Halbband 1

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
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ISBN 10 : 9783110214475
Pages : 1151 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (214 downloads)

Download Die slavischen Sprachen / The Slavic Languages. Halbband 1 PDF Format Full Free by Sebastian Kempgen and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2009-10-28 with total page 1151 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The series Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction.

Download Adjective Classes PDF

Adjective Classes

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780199270934
Pages : 370 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (27 downloads)

Download Adjective Classes PDF Format Full Free by R.M.W. Dixon and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2004-09-16 with total page 370 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book shows that every language has an adjective class and how such classes vary. Thirteen scholars report original research on languages from North, Central and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia and the Pacific. The book throws new light on the nature and classification of adjectives and redefines the cross-linguistic parameters of their variation.

Download Contexts of Subordination PDF

Contexts of Subordination

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN 10 : 9789027269614
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (269 downloads)

Download Contexts of Subordination PDF Format Full Free by Laura Visapää and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2014-09-15 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Contexts of Subordination: Cognitive, typological and discourse perspectives is a collection of articles that approaches linguistic subordination as a semantico-grammatical and pragmatic phenomenon. The volume brings together cognitive, interactional and typological perspectives, and is characterised by extensive use of multi-genre data. The collection aims at a more precise understanding of subordination by emphasizing its pragmatic and contextual nature. Subordination and its linguistic realizations are studied from the perspective of language in its actual contexts of use, as an interactional resource available to language users, in both written and spoken language. In addition, the authors produce typologically relevant information about subordination in the different varieties and genres of the studied languages (English, Estonian, Finnish, and French). These qualities make the book unique in the field of subordination studies.