Download The Globalization of Martyrdom PDF

The Globalization of Martyrdom

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Publisher : JHU Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781421401447
Pages : 360 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (41 downloads)

Download The Globalization of Martyrdom PDF Format Full Free by Assaf Moghadam and published by JHU Press. This book was released on 2011-04-01 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This unflinching analysis provides new information about the relationship between ideology and suicide attacks and recommends policies focused on containing Salafi Jihadism.

Download Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism PDF

Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781135987374
Pages : 224 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (987 downloads)

Download Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism PDF Format Full Free by Ami Pedahzur and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2006-09-27 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This highly topical new study clearly shows how there are at least two reasons to question the central role that is assigned to religion, in particular Islam, when explaining suicide terrorism. suicide terrorism is a modern phenomenon, yet Islam is a very old religion. Except for two periods in the twelfth and eighteenth centuries, suicide was never part of Islamist beliefs and behaviours. Actually, Islam clearly forbids suicide, hence, the argument that Islamic religious beliefs are the main cause of suicide terrorism is inherently dubious many suicide attacks have been carried out by secular organizations with little connection to fundamentalist Islam: Palestinian Fatah; the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine; and the Kurdish Workers Party. Moreover, one of the organizations that has employed this strategy devastatingly and regularly is the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam). Not only are members of this organization not Muslim, most of them are not religious at all. This superb new book contains essays by some of the world's leading scholars of terrorism and political violence. It is essential reading for students of terrorism, political science and Middle Eastern politics, and useful to students of social psychology, theology and history.

Download Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism PDF

Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism

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Publisher :
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ISBN 10 : OCLC:1039595439
Pages : pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism PDF Format Full Free by Ami Pedahzur and published by . This book was released on 2006 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Martyrdom: Religious PDF

Martyrdom: Religious

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ISBN 10 : OCLC:610357799
Pages : pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Martyrdom: Religious PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 1998 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Al Qaeda's Global Crisis PDF

Al Qaeda's Global Crisis

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781317645382
Pages : 366 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (645 downloads)

Download Al Qaeda's Global Crisis PDF Format Full Free by V. G. Julie Rajan and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-01-30 with total page 366 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book focuses on the crises facing Al Qaeda and how the mass killing of Muslims is challenging its credibility as a leader among Islamist jihadist organizations. The book argues that these crises are directly related to Al Qaeda’s affiliation with the extreme violence employed against Muslims in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan in the decade since 9/11. Al Qaeda’s public and private responses to this violence differ greatly. While in public Al Qaeda has justified those attacks declaring that, for the establishment of a state of ‘true believers’, they are a necessary evil, in private Al Qaeda has been advising its local affiliates to refrain from killing Muslims. To better understand the crises facing Al Qaeda, the book explores the development of Central Al Qaeda’s complex relationship with radical (mis)appropriations and manifestations of takfir, which allows one Muslim to declare another an unbeliever, and its unique relationship with each of its affiliates in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan. The author then goes on to consider how the prominence of takfir is contributing to the deteriorating security in those countries and how this is affecting Al Qaeda’s credibility as an Islamist terror organization. The book concludes by considering the long-term viability of Al Qaeda and how its demise could allow the rise of the even more radical, violent Islamic State and the implications this has for the future security of the Middle East, North Africa and Central/South Asia. This book will be of much interest to students of political violence and terrorism, Islamism, global security and IR.

Download What motivates suicide terrorism? PDF

What motivates suicide terrorism?

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Publisher : GRIN Verlag
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ISBN 10 : 9783668232822
Pages : 16 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (232 downloads)

Download What motivates suicide terrorism? PDF Format Full Free by Mariya Grozdanova and published by GRIN Verlag. This book was released on 2016-06-03 with total page 16 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Essay from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: First-class Honours, Royal Holloway, University of London, course: Terrorism and Counterterrorism, language: English, abstract: While in recent years suicide terrorism proved itself as one of the fastest growing threats to peace and security and a preferred weapon of choice of terrorists, there is a profound confusion as to why. Although suicide attacks have occurred during the course of history, they were often part of states’ military campaigns rather than the preferred modus operandi of violent non-state groups which during the period between 1982 and 2015 became responsible for 4,814 attacks in over 40 countries. As recently illustrated by the atrocities in Istanbul’s Sultanahmet district, Morocco’s coastal city of Casablanca, and Cameroon’s far north village of Bodo, the problem of suicide terrorism is gaining momentum and the insufficient knowledge that we have about the root causes of the phenomenon made it extremely difficult for policymakers to design effective counter-terrorist measures and adequately allocate attention and resources. Therefore, this study would try to shed light on this issue by arguing that suicide terrorism is motivated by the interaction between (1) psychologically traumatized individuals who are determined that death is the only salvation and desire to contribute to the fight against the injustice that generated their agony in the first place and (2) terrorist organizations which offer an outlet for these emotions and exploit personal emotional vulnerabilities in order to push through their political and/or religious ideological propaganda and advance their objectives. Nonetheless, what makes suicide terrorism resonant on both levels is arguably an enabling socio-political context which generates profound personal and communal grievances and provides suicide terrorism with a fertile ground to breed and expand. To support its argument, this study will firstly put the topic in its empirical context and briefly emphasize on the nature of suicide terrorism. Consequently, it will critically evaluate what drives individuals and terrorist organizations to engage in suicide terrorism and specifically focus on their ‘explosive’ interaction. Finally, this study will make its conclusions and identify areas for further research.

Download Christian Martyrdom and Political Violence PDF

Christian Martyrdom and Political Violence

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781107187146
Pages : 300 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (187 downloads)

Download Christian Martyrdom and Political Violence PDF Format Full Free by Rubén Rosario Rodríguez and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2017-07-31 with total page 300 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In recent years, martyrdom and political violence have been conflated in the public imagination. Rubn Rosario Rodrguez argues that martyr narratives deserve consideration as resources for resisting political violence in contemporary theological reflection. Underlying the three Abrahamic monotheistic traditions is a shared belief that God requires liberation for the oppressed, justice for the victims and, most demanding of all, love for the political enemy. Christian, Jewish and Muslim martyr narratives that condone political violence - whether terrorist or state-sponsored - are examined alongside each religion's canon, in order to evaluate how central or marginalized these discourses are within their respective traditions. Primarily a work of Christian theology in conversation with Judaism and Islam, this book aims to model religious pluralism and cooperation by retrieving distinctly Christian sources that nurture tolerance and facilitate coexistence, while respecting religious difference.

Download Political Islam from Muhammad to Ahmadinejad: Defenders, Detractors, and Definitions PDF

Political Islam from Muhammad to Ahmadinejad: Defenders, Detractors, and Definitions

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Publisher : ABC-CLIO
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ISBN 10 : 9780313372247
Pages : 281 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (372 downloads)

Download Political Islam from Muhammad to Ahmadinejad: Defenders, Detractors, and Definitions PDF Format Full Free by Joseph Morrison Skelly Ph.D. and published by ABC-CLIO. This book was released on 2009-11-25 with total page 281 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This collection of 15 essays illuminates the evolution of political Islam from the era of the Prophet Muhammad to the presidency of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in Iran. • 15 compelling essays on various dimensions of the evolution of political Islam from the time of the Prophet Muhammad to present-day Iraq, Iran, Palestine, and Africa • Contributions from distinguished international scholars from diverse regional perspectives and varied academic disciplines, including political science, history, anthropology, theology, international relations, and counterterrorism • A useful index is included comprising political concepts, historical events, important figures from the past and present, and Islamic theological terms • A list of abbreviations is also provided for further reader support

Download The Globalization of God PDF

The Globalization of God

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Publisher : iUniverse
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ISBN 10 : 9781491760437
Pages : 330 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (76 downloads)

Download The Globalization of God PDF Format Full Free by Dara Molloy and published by iUniverse. This book was released on 2015-11-10 with total page 330 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: • Roman Catholicism was the first multinational corporation • Preaching was the forerunner of advertising • Roman Catholicism created the template for the spread of commercial globalisation through multinational corporations • For global Christianity to succeed all local expressions of Christianity had to be suppressed. These included Celtic Christianity. For 800 years the Roman church tried to break the independent spirit of Celtic Christianity • Despite being defeated in 1014 at the Battle of Clontarf, the Irish Vikings, through their urban bishops, were key actors in the imposition of Roman episcopal structures of church throughout Ireland in the 12th century • There was an ‘invasion’ of Norman monks to Ireland which began in 1142, twenty-five years before the military invasion in 1167 • The ecclesiastical colonisation of Ireland meant that: – a Roman episcopal and diocesan structure replaced the Celtic monastic structure – Norman colonisers destroyed Celtic monasteries and replaced them with imported European religious orders – Cistercian monasteries in Ireland were required to have French abbots and sometimes these were imposed by force – no Irishman was allowed to become a bishop or attain any ecclesiastical high office • St Malachy of Armagh betrayed his own Celtic heritage and was a key figure in bringing about the ecclesiastical colonisation of Ireland • Monotheism is the mythical container for globalization • Humans will fail to return to a sustainable way of living on this planet until the mythological container of monotheism is replaced by new bioregional spiritualities that go beyond both monotheism and polytheism

Download Sorrow and Blood PDF

Sorrow and Blood

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Publisher : William Carey Library Pub
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ISBN 10 : 087808472X
Pages : 529 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (878 downloads)

Download Sorrow and Blood PDF Format Full Free by William David Taylor and published by William Carey Library Pub. This book was released on 2012 with total page 529 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: On behalf of the WEA Mission Commission, William Carey Library is pleased to launch a landmark anthology and resource. This is a new publication in the Globalization of Mission series, Sorrow & Blood: Christian Mission in Contexts of Suffering, Persecution, and Martyrdom. The editorial team of William Taylor (USA), Tonica van der Meer (Brazil), and Reg Reimer (Canada) worked over four years to compile this unique resource anthology. This book is the product of the Mission Commission's global missiology task force and a worldwide team of committed colleagues and writers. Some 62 writers from 23 nations have collaborated to generate this unique global resource and anthology. Ajith Fernando of Sri Lanka and Christopher Wright of the UK each wrote prefaces to the book This latest WEA volume has the potential of profoundly shaping our approach to mission in today's challenging and increasingly dangerous world.

Download The Making of Martyrdom in Modern Twelver Shi’ism PDF

The Making of Martyrdom in Modern Twelver Shi’ism

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9780755633968
Pages : 224 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (633 downloads)

Download The Making of Martyrdom in Modern Twelver Shi’ism PDF Format Full Free by Adel Hashemi and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2022-02-24 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In Twelver Shi'a Islam, the wait for the return of the Twelfth Imam, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Mahdi, at the end of time, overshadowed the value of actively seeking martyrdom. However, what is the place of martyrdom in Twelver Shi'ism today? This book shows that the Islamic revolution in Iran resulted in the marriage of Shi'i messianism and extreme political activism, changing the mindset of the Shi'a worldwide. Suddenly, each drop of martyrs' blood brought the return of al-Mahdi one step closer, and the Islamic Republic of Iran supposedly became the prelude to the foretold world revolution of al-Mahdi. Adel Hashemi traces the unexplored area of Shi'i discourse on martyrdom from the 1979 revolution-when the Islamic Republic's leaders cultivated the culture of martyrdom to topple the Shah's regime-to the dramatic shift in the understanding of martyrdom today. Also included are the reaction to the Syrian crisis, the region's war with ISIS and other Salafi groups, and the renewed commitment to the defense of shrines. This book shows the striking shifts in the meaning of martyrdom in Shi'ism, revealing the real relevance of the concept to the present-day Muslim world.

Download Wiley Blackwell Companion to Christian Martyrdom PDF

Wiley Blackwell Companion to Christian Martyrdom

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 10 : 9781119099826
Pages : 560 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (99 downloads)

Download Wiley Blackwell Companion to Christian Martyrdom PDF Format Full Free by Paul Middleton and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2020-03-30 with total page 560 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A unique, wide-ranging volume exploring the historical, religious, cultural, political, and social aspects of Christian martyrdom Although a well-studied and researched topic in early Christianity, martyrdom had become a relatively neglected subject of scholarship by the latter half of the 20th century. However, in the years following the attack on the Twin Towers on September 11, 2001, the study of martyrdom has experienced a remarkable resurgence. Heightened cultural, religious, and political debates about Islamic martyrdom have, in a large part, prompted increased interest in the role of martyrdom in the Christian tradition. The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Christian Martyrdom is a comprehensive examination of the phenomenon from its beginnings to its role in the present day. This timely volume presents essays written by 30 prominent scholars that explore the fundamental concepts, key questions, and contemporary debates surrounding martyrdom in Christianity. Broad in scope, this volume explores topics ranging from the origins, influences, and theology of martyrdom in the early church, with particular emphasis placed on the Martyr Acts, to contemporary issues of gender, identity construction, and the place of martyrdom in the modern church. Essays address the role of martyrdom after the establishment of Christendom, especially its crucial contribution during and after the Reformation period in the development of Christian and European national-building, as well as its role in forming Christian identities in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. This important contribution to Christian scholarship: Offers the first comprehensive reference work to examine the topic of martyrdom throughout Christian history Includes an exploration of martyrdom and its links to traditions in Judaism and Islam Covers extensive geographical zones, time periods, and perspectives Provides topical commentary on Islamic martyrdom and its parallels to the Christian church Discusses hotly debated topics such as the extent of the Roman persecution of early Christians The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Christian Martyrdom is an invaluable resource for scholars and students of religious studies, theology, and Christian history, as well as readers with interest in the topic of Christian martyrdom.

Download Nexus of Global Jihad PDF

Nexus of Global Jihad

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Publisher : Columbia University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780231538152
Pages : 368 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (538 downloads)

Download Nexus of Global Jihad PDF Format Full Free by Assaf Moghadam and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2017-05-30 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Leading jihadist groups such as al-Qaeda and the Islamic State dominate through cooperation in the form of knowledge sharing, resource sharing, joint training exercises, and operational collaboration. They build alliances and lesser partnerships with other formal and informal terrorist actors to recruit foreign fighters and spread their message worldwide, raising the aggregate threat level for their declared enemies. Whether they consist of friends or foes, whether they are connected locally or online, these networks create a wellspring of support for jihadist organizations that may fluctuate in strength or change in character but never runs dry. Nexus of Global Jihad identifies types of terrorist actors, the nature of their partnerships, and the environments in which they prosper to explain global jihadist terrorism's ongoing success and resilience. Nexus of Global Jihad brings to light an emerging style of "networked cooperation" that works alongside interorganizational terrorist cooperation to establish bonds of varying depth and endurance. Case studies use recently declassified materials to illuminate al-Qaeda's dealings from Iran to the Arabian Peninsula and the informal actors that power the Sharia4 movement. The book proposes policies that increase intelligence gathering on informal terrorist actors, constrain enabling environments, and disrupt terrorist networks according to different types of cooperation. It is a vital text for strategists and scholars struggling to understand a growing spectrum of terrorist groups working together more effectively than ever before.

Download Contending with Terrorism PDF

Contending with Terrorism

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Publisher : MIT Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780262514644
Pages : 462 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (514 downloads)

Download Contending with Terrorism PDF Format Full Free by Michael E. Brown and published by MIT Press. This book was released on 2010-07-09 with total page 462 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Experts explore the sources of contemporary terrorism, what terrorists want, and how the United States and other countries should respond. Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, scholars and policy analysts in national security have turned their attention to terrorism, considering not only how to prevent future attacks but also the roots of the problem. This book offers some of the latest research in terrorism studies. The contributors examine the sources of contemporary terrorism, discussing the impact of globalization, the influence of religious beliefs, and the increasing dissatisfaction felt by the world's powerless. They consider the strategies and motivations of terrorists, offering contending perspectives on whether or not terrorists can be said to achieve their goals; explore different responses to the threat of terrorism, discussing such topics as how the United States can work more effectively with its allies; and contemplate the future of al-Qaida, asking if its networked structure is an asset or a liability. The essays in Contending with Terrorism address some of the central topics in the analysis of contemporary terrorism. They promise to guide future policy and inspire further research into one of most important security issues of the twenty-first century. Contributors Max Abrahms, Daniel Byman, Erica Chenoweth, Audrey Kurth Cronin, Renée de Nevers, Mette Eilstrup-Sangiovanni, Hillel Frisch, Calvert Jones, Andrew Kydd, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Elizabeth McClellan, Nicholas Miller, Assaf Moghadam, Michael Mousseau, Rysia Murphy, William Rose, Paul Staniland, Robert Trager, Barbara Walter, Dessislava Zagorcheva

Download The Culture of Martyrdom PDF

The Culture of Martyrdom

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Publisher :
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ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105210621905
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The Culture of Martyrdom PDF Format Full Free by M. A. Khan and published by . This book was released on 2008 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download The Globalization of Christianity PDF

The Globalization of Christianity

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Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
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ISBN 10 : 9781625648013
Pages : 182 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (648 downloads)

Download The Globalization of Christianity PDF Format Full Free by Gordon L. Heath and published by Wipf and Stock Publishers. This book was released on 2015-01-20 with total page 182 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: While Christianity appears to be in decline in the West it is growing robustly in the global South. What does this mean for the Christianity that was once considered to be the religion of the West? The new contexts and trajectories require innovative responses and relevant theological reflection in the church. This volume addresses these changes through identifying and analyzing global shifts, highlighting practical innovations in the church that attempt to deal with new trajectories, and proposing theological positions intended to help face the issues and challenges of the twenty-first century. Contributors to this volume include Philip Jenkins (The Next Christendom, The New Faces of Christianity, God's Continent), Steven M. Studebaker, Gordon L. Heath, Bradley K. Broadhead, Christof Sauer, Lee Beach, Michael P. Knowles, Peter Althouse, Michael Wilkinson, John H. Issak, David K. Taurus, and Seongho Kang.

Download The Oxford Handbook of the History of Terrorism PDF

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Terrorism

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780199858569
Pages : 776 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (858 downloads)

Download The Oxford Handbook of the History of Terrorism PDF Format Full Free by Carola Dietze and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2021 with total page 776 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "The Oxford Handbook of the History of Terrorism presents a re-evaluation of the major narratives in the history of terrorism, exploring the emergence and the use of terrorism in world history from antiquity up to the twenty-first century. The volume presents terrorism as a historically specific form of political violence that was generated by modern Western culture and then transported around the globe, where it interacted with and was transformed in accordance with local conditions. It offers cogent arguments and well-documented case studies that support a reading of terrorism as a modern phenomenon, as well as sustained analyses of the challenges involved in the application of the theories and practices of modernity and terrorism to non-Western parts of the world, both for historical actors and academic commentators. The volume presents an overview of terrorism's antecedents in the pre-modern world, analyzes the emergence of terrorism in the West, and presents a series of case studies from non-Western parts of the world that together constitute terrorism's global reception history. Essays cover a broad range of topics from tyrannicide in ancient Greek political culture, the radical resistance movement against Roman rule in Judea, the invention of terrorism in Europe, Russia, and the United States, anarchist networks in France, Argentina, and China, imperial terror in Colonial Kenya, anti-colonial violence in India, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, and the German Autumn, to right-wing, religious and eco-terrorism, as well as terrorism's entanglements with science, technology, media, literature and art. Keywords: terrorism studies, terrorism, history of terrorism, history of violence, radicalism, global history, transnational history, international history, modernity, modernization, modernism"--