Download Virgins of Paradise a Special PDF

Virgins of Paradise a Special

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ISBN 10 : 4444400277
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (444 downloads)

Download Virgins of Paradise a Special PDF Format Full Free by Barbara Wood and published by . This book was released on 1999-01 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Virgins of Paradise PDF

Virgins of Paradise

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ISBN 10 : 0380723409
Pages : 572 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (38 downloads)

Download Virgins of Paradise PDF Format Full Free by Barbara Wood and published by . This book was released on 1994 with total page 572 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Jasmine and Camelia Rasheed, two aristocratic Egyptian sisters, leave their traditional family and take two different paths to independence

Download Of Virgins and Martyrs PDF

Of Virgins and Martyrs

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Publisher : JHU Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781421408286
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (48 downloads)

Download Of Virgins and Martyrs PDF Format Full Free by David Jacobson and published by JHU Press. This book was released on 2013-01-31 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This index helps to illuminate why women's sexuality, dress, and image so compel militant Muslim outrage and sometimes violent action, revealing a deeper human story of how women's status defines competing moral visions of society and why this present clash is erupting with such ferocity.

Download The Smarter Bomb PDF

The Smarter Bomb

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
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ISBN 10 : 9781442278592
Pages : 222 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (278 downloads)

Download The Smarter Bomb PDF Format Full Free by Anat Berko and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2016-09-01 with total page 222 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This compelling book offers a unique glimpse into the motivations of suicide bombers, especially women and children, and those who recruit and dispatch them. As a woman and a mother, Anat Berko was able to win the trust of imprisoned bombers and speak with them intimately. Entering Israel’s most heavily secured cells, she met with female and adolescent would-be suicide bombers and their dispatchers, lawyers, and interrogators. The personal stories are greatly enriched by the inclusion of the sketches and letters many prisoners gave to the author. She explores vital questions: What leads individuals to place explosives on their bodies, kill and injure scores of civilians, and take their own lives? Do men really believe that death will transport them to paradise, where Allah, virgins, and wine await them? Are women victims of unbearable pressure to commit this act of terror? Can a woman be “good” according to the criteria of Arab/Palestinian society and a terrorist at the same time? Is involvement in terrorism a sign of the liberation of Palestinian women or another way of preserving their social inferiority, thus explaining their low status and the inferior rewards the families of female suicide bombers receive? Who are the dispatchers, and how do they manipulate and convince women and youngsters to go calmly to their death? The answers to these questions offer a rare and candid portrayal that will be essential reading for all those wanting to understand the interior world of suicide bombers and how to communicate with terrorists.

Download The Blessed Virgin in the Fathers of the First Six Centuries PDF

The Blessed Virgin in the Fathers of the First Six Centuries

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ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105019977789
Pages : 481 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The Blessed Virgin in the Fathers of the First Six Centuries PDF Format Full Free by Thomas Livius and published by . This book was released on 1893 with total page 481 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Criminology Theory and Terrorism PDF

Criminology Theory and Terrorism

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781317512011
Pages : 214 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (512 downloads)

Download Criminology Theory and Terrorism PDF Format Full Free by Joshua D. Freilich and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-10-02 with total page 214 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Although there has been an increase in research on terrorism across the social and behavioural sciences in the past few decades, until recently most of this work has originated from political science, psychology or economics. Therefore, our focus in this book on criminological conceptual frameworks and empirical studies that engage terrorism and responses to it is unique. We include a distinguished group of researchers that offer their distinctive insights into criminological perspectives on terrorism. The contributors focus on criminological perspectives that have rarely, if ever, been previously applied to the study of terrorism. This includes a range of perspectives from rational choice to social disorganization; from strain to routine activities theory. This volume will advance understanding of terrorism by taking advantage of criminological contributions, and at the same time will serve as a useful update to the criminologists and their students already working in this area. It would also be a helpful introduction to those criminologists and their students who would like to be more engaged in this important area of research. This book was originally published as a special issue of Terrorism and Political Violence.

Download Islam and the Infidels PDF

Islam and the Infidels

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351511506
Pages : 318 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (511 downloads)

Download Islam and the Infidels PDF Format Full Free by David Bukay and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-07-12 with total page 318 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book discusses Islam, its relationship with the world, and how Muslims perceive the world and their role within it. Using Islamic scriptures and the works of important Muslim clerics, the author explores the Islamic notion that Muslims represent the best of humanity, and as such, have the duty and the right to propagate their faith throughout the world by any means, including violence. Islam and the Infidels warns of the dangers Muslim immigration poses to free societies. Using a diplomacy of deceit, Islamists immigrate to Western societies. Having done so, they establish closed ethnic communities that are estranged from their host countries, and are breeding grounds for native-born malcontents who may attack and destroy Western nations from within. The author is especially critical of Western apologists who not only pretend that Islam is not inherently aggressive and dangerous, but also denigrate those who point out the threat to liberal values posed by fundamentalist Islamic ideology. Bukay argues that to meet the Islamic threat, the West must understand Islam's true nature, and the best way of doing so is by analysing its scriptures and history. Bukay argues that Western societies should embrace the Judeo-Christian tradition, which is the root of their cultural heritage. In light of the mounting Muslim threat to liberalism in Western societies, citizens should resist oppressive Islamic practices and doctrines rather than accept them.

Download THE GUIDE TO ANSWERING ISLAM PDF

THE GUIDE TO ANSWERING ISLAM

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Publisher : Christian Publishing House
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ISBN 10 : 9781949586763
Pages : 358 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (586 downloads)

Download THE GUIDE TO ANSWERING ISLAM PDF Format Full Free by Daniel Janosik and published by Christian Publishing House. This book was released on 2019-01-26 with total page 358 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The average Christian knows somewhat how dangerous radical Islam is because of the regular media coverage of beheadings of Christians, Jews, and even young little children, not to mention Muslims with which they disagree. However, the average Christian does not know their true beliefs, just how many there are, to the extent they will go to carry out these beliefs. Daily we find Islamic commentators on the TV and radio, offering up misleading information, quoting certain portions of the Quran while leaving other parts out. When considering Islamic beliefs, other Islamic writings must be considered, like the Hadith or Sunnah, and the Shariah, or canon law. While Islam, in general, does not support radical Islam, the vast majority do support radical beliefs. For example, beheadings, stoning for adultery or homosexuality, suicide bombings, turning the world into an Islamic state, and far too many other heinous things. THE GUIDE TO ANSWERING ISLAM provides Christians with an overview of Islamic terminology. The reader will learn about Muhammad’s calling, the history of the Quran, how Islam expanded, the death of Muhammad and the splinter groups that followed. In addition, the three sources of their teaching, six pillars of belief, five pillars of Islam, the twelfth Imam, and much more will be discussed. While there are several books on Islam and radical Islam, this will be the first that will prepare its readers to communicate effectively with Muslims in an effort toward sharing biblical truths. THE GUIDE TO ISLAM will be an effective evangelism tool. In addition, each chapter will end with review questions, helping the reader recall the main points of the chapter. Therefore, it can be studied alone or in a church Bible study setting. THE GUIDE TO ANSWERING ISLAM has the contents constructed in a way that will greatly serve the Christian Church. There are many recent books written by Christians about Islam, and there are many books written recently about radical Islam. However, none of these recent books attempts to do what has been done, which is to give an adequate portrayal of Islam, critiqued by history and Christian doctrine, and then culminating in an extensive evaluation of the rise of Radical Islam from a Christian's perspective.

Download The Blessed Virgin and All the Company of Heaven PDF

The Blessed Virgin and All the Company of Heaven

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ISBN 10 : COLUMBIA:CR61057460
Pages : 266 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The Blessed Virgin and All the Company of Heaven PDF Format Full Free by Augustus Theodore Wirgman and published by . This book was released on 1913 with total page 266 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Did Muhammad Exist? PDF

Did Muhammad Exist?

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Publisher : Bombardier Books
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ISBN 10 : 9781642938548
Pages : 636 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (938 downloads)

Download Did Muhammad Exist? PDF Format Full Free by Robert Spencer and published by Bombardier Books. This book was released on 2021-07-13 with total page 636 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Is there any sound historical evidence that the prophet of Islam actually existed, or is the entire story of Muhammad fable or fiction? It is a question that few have thought—or dared—to ask. Virtually everyone, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, takes for granted that the prophet of Islam lived as a prophet, as well as a political and military leader, in seventh-century Arabia. But this widely accepted story begins to crumble on close examination. In his blockbuster New York Times bestseller The Truth about Muhammad, historian and Islam expert Robert Spencer revealed the often shocking contents of Islamic teachings about Muhammad. Now, in this newly revised and expanded version of Did Muhammad Exist?, he lays bare those teachings’ surprisingly shaky historical foundations. This updated and enlarged version of this acclaimed book examines even more striking and compelling evidence that the story of Muhammad, who for so long was assumed to have lived in the “full light of history,” could be more myth and legend than historical fact. Spencer meticulously examines historical records and archaeological findings, pioneering new scholarship to reconstruct what we can know about Muhammad, the Qur’an, and the early days of Islam. The evidence he presents challenges the most fundamental assumptions about Islam’s origins.

Download `Virgins of God' : The Making of Asceticism in Late Antiquity PDF

`Virgins of God' : The Making of Asceticism in Late Antiquity

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Publisher : Clarendon Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780191591631
Pages : 460 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (591 downloads)

Download `Virgins of God' : The Making of Asceticism in Late Antiquity PDF Format Full Free by Susanna Elm and published by Clarendon Press. This book was released on 1994-09-15 with total page 460 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Many of the institutions fundamental to the role of men and women in society today were formed in late antiquity. This path-breaking study offers a comprehensive look at how Christian women of this time initiated alternative, ascetic ways of living, both with and without men. The author studies how these practices were institutionalized, and why later they were either eliminated or transformed by a new Christian Roman elite of men we now think of as the founding fathers of monasticism. - ;Situated in a period that witnessed the genesis of institutions fundamental to this day, this path-breaking study offers a comprehensive look at how ancient Christian women initiated ascetic ways of living, and how these practices were then institutionalized. Using the organization of female asceticism in Asia Minor and Egypt as a lever, the author demonstrates that - in direct contrast to later conceptions - asceticism began primarly as an urban movement. Crucially, it also originated with men and women living together, varying the model of the family. The book then traces how, in the course of the fourth century, these early organizational forms underwent a transformation. Concurrent with the doctrinal struggles to redefine the Trinity, and with the formation of a new Christian --eacute--;lite, men such as Basil of Caesarea changed the institutional configuration of ascetic life in common: they emphasized the segregation of the sexes, and the supremacy of the rural over urban models. At the same time, ascetics became clerics, who increasingly used female saints as symbols for the role of the new ecclesiastical elite. Earlier, more varied models of ascetic life were either silenced or condemned as heretical; and those who had been in fact their reformers became known as the founding fathers of monasticism. -

Download Dead for Good PDF

Dead for Good

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781317261575
Pages : 248 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (261 downloads)

Download Dead for Good PDF Format Full Free by Hugh D. Barlow and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-12-03 with total page 248 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "An easily accessible account of the development of martyrdom ...Barlow presents a masterful account of how religion, death and sacrifice developed into the cult of martyrdom of today." Mia Bloom, University of Georgia and author of Dying to Kill: The Allure of Suicide Terror "Thoroughly researched, yet full of novel-like gripping narratives, this book succeeds in giving the reader a glimpse of what might happen in the mind of candidates to "martyrdom" while never loosing sight of the overall context that brings this phenomenon into being, and fuels it." Gilbert Achcar, author of The Clash of Barbarisms "Hugh Barlow is a gifted writer. In this book he uses his skills as a renowned sociologist to bring the reader a refreshing and engaging analysis...This is a must-read for anyone who is interested in understanding martyrdom operations from a broad historical and cultural perspective." Ami Pedahzur, University of Texas at Austin Dead for Good vividly describes how history gave rise to the suicide bombers of today. The passionate submission of ancient Jewish and Christian martyrs was largely supplanted by militant self-sacrifice as Islam spread and holy war erupted in the Crusades. In the Indian Punjab, the Khalsa Sikhs made warrior-martyrdom an instinct and policy in their defense of community and of justice. In a last-ditch effort to defeat the Allies in World War II, the Japanese transformed warrior-martyrs into martyr-warriors trained to sacrifice themselves in attacks on enemy carriers. The current suicide bomber is the latest phase: Whether motivated by nationalism, religious ideology, or a combination of both, the new "predatory" martyr dies for the cause while killing indiscriminately. Exploring martyrdom across cultures and throughout history, this book gives us new insights into today's suicide bombers and answers the common question "Why do they do it?"

Download The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran PDF

The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran

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Publisher : Verlag Hans Schiler
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ISBN 10 : 9783899300888
Pages : 349 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (3 downloads)

Download The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran PDF Format Full Free by Christoph Luxenberg and published by Verlag Hans Schiler. This book was released on 2007 with total page 349 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Throughout its history the Koran has presented problems of interpretation. Some scholars estimate that at least a quarter of the text is obscure in meaning, not only for Western translators but even native Arabic speakers, who struggle with the archaic vocabulary that is no longer used in modern Arabic. In this in-depth study of the language of the Koran, scholar Christoph Luxenberg dispels much of the mystery surrounding numerous hitherto unclear passages. The key, as Luxenberg shows exhaustively, is to understand that Aramaic--the language of most Middle Eastern Jews and Christians of the pre-Islamic era--had a pervasive influence on the development of the Arabic text of the Koran. For a thousand years preceding the advent of Islam, Aramaic (or Syriac as it was sometimes called) was the lingua franca of many parts of the Near East. It was the native language of the first Christian evangelists and the main liturgical language of the early Christian churches from Syria to Iran. Based on this historical context and a profound knowledge of Semitic languages, Luxenberg clarifies many thorny textual puzzles. Perhaps his most interesting argument is that the passage often translated as referring to the "virgins" that are believed to greet the departed faithful in paradise was long ago misunderstood. In fact, knowledge of ancient Christian hymns in Aramaic suggests that the word in question refers to "grapes" that the departed will enjoy in a paradisiacal garden. Luxenberg discusses many other similar fascinating instances where Aramaic vocabulary and concepts influenced the text of the Koran This highly erudite work makes a significant contribution to the study of the Koran and the history of Islamic origins.

Download The Qur'an PDF

The Qur'an

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781134339754
Pages : 772 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (339 downloads)

Download The Qur'an PDF Format Full Free by Oliver Leaman and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2006-05-02 with total page 772 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A RUSA 2007 Outstanding Reference Title The Qur'an is the source of inspiration for one of the world's major religions, followed today by over a billion people. It plays a central role in Islam and ever since it appeared fourteen hundred years ago has been the subject of intense debate. Some of this has been carried out by Muslims and some by those hostile or indifferent to Islam, producing a very wide range of views. Authored by forty-three international experts, the objective of The Qur'an: An Encyclopedia is to present this diversity of thought, approach and school without priority, in order to give a strong appreciation of the range of response that the text has provoked throughout its history and providing students and researchers with a powerful one-volume resource covering all aspects of the text and its reception. Islam and the Qur'an are much in the news today and there is a public debate going on in which things are said about the Qur'an without much knowledge or understanding of the book. Every effort has been made to help the reader use the Encyclopedia as an investigative tool in Quranic studies. The volume assumes no previous knowledge of the Qur'an, Islam or Arabic. Technical terms are explained in the text itself and the style of each entry is designed to be as self-contained as possible. Entries are cross-referenced and many include a brief bibliography. At the end of the work there is a substantial annotated bibliography providing a detailed guide to the most significant books, journals and articles in Qur'anic Studies. There is a full index. The readership will include those seeking basic information on the Qur'an, however the substantial number of longer entries means that it will also be used by specialists.

Download Joking About Jihad PDF

Joking About Jihad

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781787384248
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (384 downloads)

Download Joking About Jihad PDF Format Full Free by Gilbert Ramsay and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-03-30 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Can laughter really be used to undermine the appeal of terrorist groups? And should it be? Is there any truth in the stereotypical notions of fanaticism as humorless, and of humor as the antithesis of fanaticism? What is the deeper significance of the jihadi's status as an object of mockery in Arabic popular culture? Joking About Jihad explores this thicket of problems sprouting from one of the most basic--and supposedly most innocent--of human behaviors, and looks at how it has been applied to one of the least obviously laughable phenomena in the world today. Ramsay and Alkheder draw on original interviews and hitherto unexamined texts, combining insights from fields as diverse as politics, psychology, cultural studies, Islamic studies and humor research. Examining apparently spontaneous joking, professional comedy and even the jokes told by jihadis themselves, they show how Salafi jihad has been made laughable in the modern Arab world, and why it matters.

Download The Ḥaram of Jerusalem, 324-1099 PDF

The Ḥaram of Jerusalem, 324-1099

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Publisher : Franz Steiner Verlag
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ISBN 10 : 3515079017
Pages : 810 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (515 downloads)

Download The Ḥaram of Jerusalem, 324-1099 PDF Format Full Free by Andreas Kaplony and published by Franz Steiner Verlag. This book was released on 2002 with total page 810 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: From the Muslims' to the Crusaders' conquest Jerusalem is among the world's best known cities. Its most outstanding and constant feature is its shared holiness by three major confessions (Muslim, Jewish and Christian). Covering the Marwanid, the Abbasid, and the Faimid phase, this study describes not only the emergence of conceptions with which the three major confessions share this city, but also their interactions as well as the political circumstances and religious axioms which give each conception its specific shape. Looking for these conceptions of the holy area of the city the Haram has been chosen. This area of the former temple was highly significant to all three confessions. The analysis is based on a careful description of the Haram (focusing on topics like names and traditions, architecture, rituals and customs, visions and dreams), and on the establishment of as many parallels as possible. "The result is a volume of astonishing depth and comprehensiveness [�] As a compendium of sources it is unrivalled." Journal of Palestine Studies "The excellent graphics added to each section, culminating in 103 figures, deserve special mention. Also impressive is Kaplony's generous handling of space; it seems that he was aiming for the display of all the texts available to him. [�] taking into account Kaplony's treatment of the subject, one is tempted to compare it with that of the precision and care of Swiss watchmakers. Unless new sources come to light, which is not very likely, this book will be the standard work � for many years to come." Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam "This book is an excellent contribution to the growing literature on Islamic Jerusalem, and it will indubitably be of interest to scholars and students of medieval Islamic history." International Journal of Middle East Studies.

Download Redwood Bend (A Virgin River Novel, Book 16) PDF

Redwood Bend (A Virgin River Novel, Book 16)

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Publisher : HarperCollins UK
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ISBN 10 : 9781408995501
Pages : 235 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (995 downloads)

Download Redwood Bend (A Virgin River Novel, Book 16) PDF Format Full Free by Robyn Carr and published by HarperCollins UK. This book was released on 2012-04-02 with total page 235 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A Netflix original series One moment can change everything